[The three Rs: Looking back ... and forward] [Article in German]

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Michael Balls
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Personal experiences at FRAME and ECVAM are recalled, alongside the evolutionary progress of the Three Rs (replacement, reduction, refinement,) approach to animal experimentation, described in great decades analogous to the Great Ages of Western Civilisation.

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Balls, M. (2005) “[The three Rs: Looking back . and forward] [Article in German]”, ALTEX - Alternatives to animal experimentation, 22(4), pp. 227–231. Available at: https://altex.org/index.php/altex/article/view/870 (Accessed: 19 June 2024).

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