[Toxicity assessment of waste water samples with fish cell lines] [Article in German]

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Markus Schulz, Bettina Lewald, Martin Kohlpoth, Brigitte Rusche, Katrin H. J. Lorenz, Eckehardt Unruh, Peter D. Hansen, Herbert G. Miltenburger
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An in vitro cytotoxicity assay with fish cell lines was established in order to reduce the number of animals used in fish tests with the golden orfe (leuciscus idus melanotus). In three co-ordinated working laboratories the toxicity of seven chemicals was determined according to a standardised protocol using the permanent cell lines D11 and RTG-2. There was an almost linear correlation (r=0.99) between the IC50 values after neutral red uptake and crystal violet staining of the chemically treated RTG-2 cells. These cells were more sensitive than D11 cells (r=0.93) with regard to chemically induced cytotoxicity. The test protocol was adapted for the testing of waste water (ten samples). Two samples induced cytotoxic effects in RTG-2 cells while in none of the three laboratories the same samples were found cytotoxic in D11 cells. The data with the seven chemicals and the still limited number of waste water samples (10) lend strong support to the assumption that the fish cell line RTG-2 can be regarded as well suited for detecting toxic properties of waste water.

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Schulz, M. (1995) “[Toxicity assessment of waste water samples with fish cell lines] [Article in German]”, ALTEX - Alternatives to animal experimentation, 12(4), pp. 188–195. Available at: https://altex.org/index.php/altex/article/view/1653 (Accessed: 18 June 2024).

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