Beyond Animal Testing Index: Benchmarking tool for a world beyond animal testing

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Cyrille Krul
Annick De Moor
Koen Stegmeijer
Reinout Stoop
Judith Van Luijk
Jan-Bas Prins


While the original definition of replacement focuses on the replacement of the use of animals in science, a more contemporary definition focuses on accelerating the development and use of predictive and robust models, based on the latest science and technologies, to address scientific questions without the use of animals. The transition to animal free innovation is on the political agenda in and outside the European Union. The Beyond Animal Testing Index (BATI) is a benchmarking instrument designed to provide insight into the activities and contribution of research institutes in the transition to animal free innovation. The BATI allows participating organizations to learn from each other and stimulates continuous improvement. The BATI was modelled after the Access to Medicine Index, which benchmarks pharmaceutical companies on their efforts to make medicines widely available in developing countries. A prototype of the BATI was field tested with three Dutch academic medical centers and two universities in 2020-2021. The field test demonstrated the usability and effectiveness of the BATI as a benchmarking tool. Analyses were performed across five different domains. The participating institutes concluded that the BATI served as an internal, as well as an external stimulus to share, learn and improve institutional strategies towards the transition to animal free innovation. The BATI also identified gaps in the development and implementation of 3R technologies. Hence, the BATI might be a suitable instrument for monitoring the effectiveness of policies. BATI version 1.0 is ready to be used for benchmarking at a larger scale.

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How to Cite
Krul, C., De Moor, A. ., Stegmeijer, K. ., Stoop, R. ., Van Luijk, J. . and Prins, J.-B. (2023) “Beyond Animal Testing Index: Benchmarking tool for a world beyond animal testing”, ALTEX - Alternatives to animal experimentation. doi: 10.14573/altex.2304161.

ECHA – European Chemicals Agency (2016). New approach methodologies in regulatory science. Proceedings of a scientific workshop.

Stegmeijer, K., De Moor, A., Krul, C. et al. (2019). The Beyond Animal Testing Index: How to assess your institute’s contribution to the 3Rs. Laboratory Animals 53 (1S), 96.

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